What is Panchangam ?
A panchangam (Sanskrit
pańcāṅgam ) is a Hindu astrological almanac (or calendar),
which follows traditional Indian cosmology, and presents important
astronomical data in tabulated form. It is sometimes spelled
Pancanga or Panchanga. It is pronounced Panchanga.
It is widely used for astrology Jyotisha (Jyotiṣa).
Panchangas are published in India by many
learned authors, societies, academies, and universities. Different
publications differ only minutely, at least for a casual or un-trained
reader. They forecast celestial phenomena such as solar eclipses,
forecast weather (rain, dryspells) as well as more mundane
The study of Panchangas involves
understanding Rasi phala, the impact of the signs of the zodiac
on the individual. Astrologers consult the Panchangam to set
auspicious dates for weddings, corporate mergers, and other worldly
activities as per religion. Also see Hindu Calendar.
The actual casting of a Panchanga involves
elaborate mathematical work involving high level of spherical geometry
and sound understanding of astronomical phenomena, such as sidereal
movements of heavenly bodies. However, in practice the tabulation is
done on the basis of short-cut formulations as propounded by ancient
Vedic sages and scholars.